Revised June 1999 !!
Its taken me about two years to put together a reasonable description of the historical references to the BOONE family in colonial South Carolina records. I still believe that this group has other "branches" in the Caribbean, and is perhaps connected to my primary research in North Carolina, but the direct-link has not been found. . . .
The Carolina Colony - there was no North or South Carolina at this point - originated in the area of present-day Charleston, South Carolina. It produced products valuable to the British Empire, and it had a charter of tolerance not found in other colonies. It quickly grew in population and power and it attracted ambitious and powerful Englishmen to the new world. A branch of the BOONE family was part of this adventure.
Mary C.F. Long, in her book "Fair Were Their Dreams"** NOW BACK IN PRINT !!, ties three of the critical individuals into the same English Family, and helps explain why some of the powerful men left brilliant, but brief, records in colonial America. The book was out of print, but if you can find a library copy, as I did in Charleston, or purchase it from the author, it has a wealth of information on the greater family group, extending to present-day Texas. Other books that provided insight and perspective into the Charleston history are listed in the reference section.
I'm only going to sketch the three family luminaries, and provide a short section on the descendants that they left in America. As you can see from the chart below, the known history begins with Henry Boone, barber and butcher, who died in Dartmouth, Devonshire, in 1637.
MAP CAPTION: (1) Plymouth - Proprietors of the New England Colony were primarily from this area; (2) Dartmouth - Origin of this BOONE family; (3) Taunton - Important during Monmouth Rebellion and prison from which many individuals were transported to America; (4) Bristol - An important port of departure for America that kept many colonial passenger records; (5) London - Major financial and political center, where members of BOONE family became merchants, government officials and eventually members of Parliment; (6) Kent - Some descendants of HENRY BOONE settle in this area.
Immigrant John Boone, who arrived in 1670 as a servant, was an ambitious man, became a successful merchant (if by some unsavory businesses) and married into another monied Carolina family. By 1702, he was a member of the colonial council. Joseph was also involved in colonial politics.
While John and Joseph faced the challenges of the new world, the other children of Thomas (father of Joseph) were becoming successful merchants and developing political connections in England. Joseph's younger brother, Charles, became a Member of Parliment and and a Director of the East India Company. Charles' children became English elite, being educated at Eaton and Cambridge. One of Charles' sons, Thomas, eventually returned to America as the King's represenative, the colonial Governor, serving terms in both the New Jersey and South Carolina colonies.
BOON / BOONE, Capers, widower, of Prince George Parish, marries Mary Smith, widower, of Prince George Parish, in the house of Paul Lepear, 6/16/1767, St.James Parish Records.
A "Capers Boone" marries Mary Bold, or Bond, 04/22/1779, St.Phillips Parish Register
BOON / BOONE, James, bachelor, marries Sarah Blake, spinster, in the house of John Blake, 11/10/1785, St.James Parish Register.
BOON / BOONE, John and wife Elizabeth Patey, daughter of Edward Patey, who was the son of Theophilus Patey, and Elizabeth Gibbs, who was the daughter of Thomas Gibbs. Elizabeth had a brother, Edward, and a sister, Martha, who was the wife of Joseph Tattnall.
Under Governor Morton, John Boone is a member of the Commission of Public Accounts. Another member of that committee is Capt. Florence O'Sullivan.
In 1682, Maurice Matthews,Esq, William Fuller,Esq. Jonathan Fitz,Esq, John Boone,Esq, were members of the committee to deal with all issues between Indians and English colonists.
John and Elizabeth have a daughter, Sarah Boone, who becomes the second wife of Hugh Hext on 11/2/1723. Hugh dies in 11/1732. Hugh and Sarah have a daughter, Sarah Hext, b:9/18/1724, who marries Dr. John Rutledge on 12/25/1738. John came to Carolina about 1735.
After Hugh Hext dies, Sarah Boone Hext marries Andrew Rutledge, older brother of Dr. John Rutledge. Sarah Boone Hext Rutledge dies 11/2/1743, and is buried under her pew in ChristChurch. Andrew Rutledge dies 11/1755.
BOON / BOONE, Joseph
(** from " Religion and Politics in Colonial S.C." – J.W.Brinsfield) Joseph Boone and John Ashe were leaders of the Dissenters in 1702. John Ashe became the first agent for the colony before Parliament. He died in 1704 and was replaced by Joseph Boone.
Joseph Boone was a rich merchant, with a plantation just north of Charles Town. He had economic ties with prosperous Whig merchants in London, who he hoped would help him overturn Proprietary laws that regulated religion and political participation in the colony. He traveled to London in 1704 and stayed thru 1706, presenting the colonies position before the Parliament. He was also in London in 1718-1720 pleading the colonists position to revoke the Proprietary Charter, in favor of a Royal Charter.
Signatures on that petition for relief, carried by Joseph Boone, included: James Ball, Joseph Paice, Stephen Mason, Rt. Hackshaw, Christopher Shaw, Thomas Byfeld, Rener, Nathaniel Soriano, Joseph Boone, Michah Perry, Daniel Wharley, Thomas Coutts, Joseph Marshall, Thomas Gould, John Hodgkins, Christopher Boone, David Watenhouse.
In the summer of 1715, records of an indian attack indicate that Joseph Boone's "settlement" or plantation was near that of LadyBlake, widow of former Governor and Proprietor, in St.Pauls Parish. Descriptions indicate that these plantations were north of the Edisto river, and near the Stono river.
(** The Dwelling Houses of Charleston – A.Smith and D.Smith) Indicates that Joseph Boone owned a house in Charleston in 1717, on or near the corner of Church Street and Tradd Street. The home was on the n.half of lot #2 in the old-plan of the City, site patented in 1681 by Theophilus Patey. ((A lot#2 was assigned to "Ensign Boone" by the revised plan for Charleston, 05/1672. Lot #1 was Edward Matthews. Lot #3 was Henry Hughes. Lot # 5,6,26,17 were Capt. O'Sullivan. )) ((John Boone married Elizabeth, daughter of Theophilus Patey – what's the relationship between John and Joseph??))
Joseph Boone dies in 1733, and passes the house to his wife Anne Axtell Alexander Boone. There is a great fiire in the area in 1740, so the house either survived the fire, or was rebuilt prior to 1745. Ann Boone dies in 1749, and passes it to "the nephews of my husband", Thomas Boone and Charles Boone. These two sell the home to Thomas Smith in 1753. Thomas Boone is living in Charleston when he is commissioned Governor of N.J., in 1759. He becomes the Governor of the S.C.Colony in 1761.
BOON / BOONE, Robert, bachelor, of Prince Frederick Parish, marries Elizabeth Gibbes, spinster, of ChristChurch Parish, at the home of John Boone, Esq. 9/9/1784, in St.James Parish Records.
BOON / BOONE, Samuel, marries Keziah Rivers on 02/20/1761, St.Andrews Parish Records.
BOON / BOONE, Thomas, Merchant, arrived in Carolina prior to 8/1694, as his wife Sarah administers his will on 8/20/1694
BOON / BOONE, Thomas, Junior, son of Thomas and Mary Boone, marries Susannah Croft on 11/23/1741. ChristChurch Parish Records
BOON / BOONE, Thomas, Junior, bachelor, of Prince Frederick Parish, marries Hannah Atkinson, of Prince Fredrick Parish, on 09/14/1769, in the home of George Atkinson. St.James Parish Records.
BOON / BOONE, Thomas, who becomes Governor of New Jersey (1760-1761) and South Carolina (1761-1765) marries Sarah Anne Tattenall.
(** from "Path to Freedom" – Kemmerer) Thomas Boone, Governor of N.J. was probably the son of Thomas Boone of Kent. He may have also been related to George Boone, Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. At the time Thomas was appointed, he lived in South Carolina, but that he had been educated at Eaton and Cambridge.
Another source indicates that Thomas Boone, Governor, was the nephew of Joseph Boone, colonial agent, and that he had inherited his uncle's property before his commission as Governor, in 1759.
Thomas Boone bought a home or property in Charles Town peninsula from Sir John Colleton, called "Exmouth" or "Bachelor's Hall".
He was commissioned as Governor of New Jersey by George II, on 11/14/1759, he received the documents, sialed for New Jersey, arriving on 7/4/1760.
When his disagreement with the Carolina Assembly led to his replacement as Governor of Carolina, Thomas left America forever, returning to London, becoming Commissioner of Customs. He was still there in 1783 when his friend and lieutenant-Governor, Wm.Bull, arrived in London on business. He helped to find Bull a place to live.
In a letter from Thomas Boone to Lord Cornwallis, then militiary authority in Charleston, we learn something of the property that he left behind in America. He indicates that there are three plantations near each other, on the road to Beaufort, called Pon Pon. (we know that there is a Pon Pon bridge over the Edisto River) There is a fourth, on the Charleston peninsula, called "Memphoo" (not clear in letter) that once belonged to Mr. Colleton, and is opposite Thom.Henry's Ferry on the Cooper River. He further indicates that he has received no benefit from the property in over five years, and is concerned that Cornwallis provide some sort of protection, in Mr. Boone's absence.
BOON / BOONE, William, widower, marries Sarah Albergotti on 05/06/1786. St.Helena Parish Records.
BOON / BOONE, William, Esq., B: unk; D:5/7/1778, married (date unknown) Jane Wilkinson, B:unk; D:11/13/1770. William Boone, Esq., lives on John's Island (variously called Boon's Island, and John's Island on maps of the area, south, and to the coast, from Charleston) Children, not necessarily in order:
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